Diabetes Essay Example and Tips

diabetes essay example


Talking and writing about diabetes must be approached with great care. No matter whether the person was diagnosed with diabetes a long time ago, or they just learned about learnt their diagnosis, they will not want to hear how extraneous people indicate him and how the illness determines his life. Alas, sometimes even close people do not know how to help and instead try to take someone else’s illness under control. It is important to convey to them what exactly a person needs, and how to offer constructive help. When it comes to diabetes, even if the speaker’s intentions are good, some words and phrases can be perceived as bayonets. Introducing you a hit parade of phrases that you do not need to say to people with diabetes ever.

1. “I did not know you were diabetic!”

The word “diabetic” is offensive. For someone it won’t matter, and somebody will feel that a label has been hung on him. Having diabetes does not say anything about a person as a person, people do not choose diabetes consciously. It is more correct to say “a person with diabetes”.

2. “Are you sure you are allowed to eat that?”

People with diabetes should think about what they eat before each meal. That is constantly on their mind, and they constantly have to think about what they can not do. If you are not the one who is responsible for the health of your loved one (for example, not the parent of a child with diabetes), it is better not to consider under the magnifying glass everything that he wants to eat and not give unwanted advice. Instead of releasing passive-aggressive comments such as “Are you sure you can eat this” or “Do not eat it, you have diabetes”, ask a person if he does not want some healthy food instead of a chosen one. For example: “I know that cheeseburger with potatoes looks very appetizing, but I think you might like a salad with a grilled chicken and cooked vegetables, and this is more beneficial for health, what will you say?” People with diabetes need support and encouragement, not restrictions.

3. “Do you have injections of insulin all the time?” This is chemistry! Maybe it’s better to sit on a diet? “(For people with type 1 diabetes)

Industrial insulin began to be used to treat diabetes almost 100 years ago. Technologies are constantly evolving, modern insulin is of very high quality and allows people with diabetes to live a long and full life, which without this medicine simply would not be possible. So before you speak it, study the question.

4. “Did you try homoeopathy, grass, hypnosis, go to the healer, church, etc.?”

Probably most people with diabetes have heard this question more than once. Alas, acting out of good intentions and offering these wonderful alternatives to chemistry and niche, you are unlikely to imagine the true mechanism of the disease and do not know that one healer is not able to revive insulin-producing pancreatic cells (if we are talking about type 1 diabetes) or change lifestyle for a person and reverse metabolic syndrome (if we are talking about type 2 diabetes).

5. “My grandmother has diabetes, and she has cut off her leg”

A person who has recently been diagnosed with “diabetes” does not necessarily need to be told horror stories about your grandmother. People can live with diabetes for many years without complications. Medicine does not stand still and constantly offers new methods and drugs that keep diabetes under control and do not trigger it until amputation and other terrible consequences.

6. “Diabetes? Not scary, worse things can happen.”

Surely, in such a way you want to cheer up a man. But you have almost the opposite effect. Yes, of course, there are various illnesses and problems. But comparing other people’s illness is just as useless as trying to understand what is best: being poor and healthy or rich and sick. Every one has his own. So it is much better to say: “Yes, I know that diabetes is very unpleasant. But you seem to be doing great. If I can help with something, say (offer help only if you are really ready to give it, if not, the last phrase is better not to pronounce.

7. “Do you have diabetes? You do not look sick!”

Let’s start with the fact that such a phrase sounds not tactically in any context. Discuss someone else’s disease aloud (if the person did not make a conversation about it) is indecisive, even if you tried to say something nice. But even if one does not take into account the elementary rules of behavior, one must understand that each person responds to his illness in his own way. For somebody it leaves an indelible trace, and he makes a huge effort to look good, and somebody does not experience problems. Your remark can be perceived as an invasion to another’s space, and all that you will achieve will only be irritation or even insult.

8. “Oh, you have high sugar level, how did you get that?”

The level of glucose in the blood from day to day varies. If somebody has high sugar, the reasons for it can be different, and some of them can not be controlled – for example, cold or stress. For a person with diabetes it is not so easy to see bad numbers, and often he has a sense of guilt or disappointment. Try not to comment at all, if he does not speak about it himself.

9. “Oh, you’re so young and already sick, poor man!”

Diabetes does not spare anyone, the old, the young, or even the children. No one is insured from it. When you tell a person that the disease at his age is not a norm that this is something unacceptable, you scare him and cause him a sense of guilt. And although you only wanted to pity him, you can hurt someone and he will shut himself up, which will make the situation even worse.

10. “Do you feel not good?” Oh, everyone has a bad day, everyone gets tired “

Talking to a person who has diabetes, you do not need to talk about “everyone.” Yes, they get tired of everything, but the energy resource is healthy and different in the patient. Because of the disease, people with diabetes can quickly get tired, and focus on this topic, so once again remind the person that he is in an unequal environment with others and is powerless to change anything in his position. It undermines his moral strength. And in general, for a person with such a disease, there may be discomfort every day, and the fact that he is here and now with you may mean that today he was able to assemble with the strength, and you in vain reminded him of his condition.


  1. Psychological support to the patients with diabetes
  2. Causes of diabetes and ways of treatment
  3. Types of diabetes and difference between them
  4. Diabetes: how to accept your diagnosis?


Diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disorder caused by an absolute or relative insufficiency of the insulin hormone that develops hyperglycaemia. The disease proceeds in chronic form and is characterized by a violation of not only carbohydrate, but also fatty, protein, mineral, and water-electrolyte metabolism.

We react in different ways to life problems. Someone prefers to experience everything in himself, not wanting to look weak in the eyes of others. And someone, on the contrary, needs support from others. Should friends, relatives or colleagues know that you have diabetes? The answer may vary. But it is definite that you need to know as much about diabetes as possible.



Currently, diabetes is proven to be developing as a result of genetic predisposition. The discovery of a number of genetic variations, which are much more common in diabetics, has made it possible to establish the hereditary nature of this disease. Some studies show that diabetes mellitus of the first type is inherited from 3-7% probability from the father and 8-10% probability from the mother. If both parents are suffering from type 1 diabetes, the risk of transmission to their children increases to 70%. With regard to type 2 diabetes, it is inherited with almost 80% probability from both the mother and the father. If both parents have type II diabetes, the probability of its development in children is approaching 100%, although the disease is most commonly realized in adulthood.

As for the pre-requisites for the development of diabetes mellitus, among them are the following:

  • With obesity, tolerance to glucose develops in the body, which worsens its penetration into muscle cells. So glucose accumulates in the blood, which contributes to the development of diabetes of type II. Obesity refers to those factors that a person can change. Proper nutrition and exercise will change the situation for the better.
  • Some diseases in which pancreatic beta cells are damaged. Such diseases include pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer and the disease of other glands of the internal secretion. One of the provocative factors in this case may also be injury.
  • Viral infections. Certain viral infections (such as rubella, influenza, chicken pox, hepatitis, etc.) can be a serious provocation, especially for people with predisposition to diabetes and obesity.
  • Nerve stress is a serious factor for people with hereditary predisposition.
  • Naturally, the older the person, the higher the likelihood of getting diabetes with the second type is. As for diabetes mellitus type one, it is usually diagnosed in adolescence and young age.
  • Low-active lifestyle.
  • Taking some medications (such as thiazide diuretics and steroid hormones).


Diabetes mellitus is distinguished by types 1 and 2. The pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes is the insufficiency of secretion of insulin with beta-cells of the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes develops due to reduced insulin sensitivity of the cells (insulin resistance).

Also, there are gestational diabetes mellitus, which occurs during pregnancy, and MODY diabetes, representing a group of autosomal dominant diseases characterized by deterioration of secretory activity of beta-cells of the pancreas.


Symptoms of diabetes differ depending on its type. Let’s consider the main symptoms of type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and diabetes in children.

  • Symptoms of the first type of diabetes. Typically, the symptoms of type 1 diabetes grow fast enough. Characteristic manifestations of the disease develop within a few days. In a number of cases, the patient suddenly falls into a diabetic coma. In this case, the patient should be immediately sent to the hospital. Symptoms of diabetes include heightened thirst, the smell of acetone in exhaled air, frequent urination, poor healing of wounds, itching of the skin, and others.
  • Symptoms of type 2 diabetes. For a long time, type 2 diabetes occurs without obvious symptoms. This is the so-called condition of prediabetes, when the patient still has chances to avoid the development of the pathology. One of the first symptoms of type 2 diabetes is increased fatigue, but few people pay attention to it, all counting on overwork, weather and other vital circumstances. Over time, the patient experiences worsened eyesight, problems with memory occur. Due to the high level of glucose in the blood, a person tends to develop infectious diseases (especially fungal infections). Women often have a thrush on a background of diabetes. Patients have an increased thirst (they use up to 3-5 liters of fluid per day). In severe cases, ulcers appear on the legs due to a violation of the trophy in the tissues.
  • Symptoms of diabetes mellitus in children. Symptoms of diabetes in children are similar to the classic manifestations of this disease in adults, however, the sooner the child develops diabetes mellitus, the symptoms will differ from those that are observed in adults.

And now we will tell you why diabetes has some of the above symptoms. This information is useful for people with diabetes.

Increased thirst and increased urination. Why does diabetes cause increased thirst? The point is that when blood levels rise in blood sugar, glucose begins to penetrate the urine. However, it passes there not in pure form, but in water bound to several molecules. In this way, the body loses fluid, and the patient shows a rapid urination. He is forced to wake up several times in the night.

The smell of acetone in exhaled air. With diabetes, glucose levels are high in the blood, but the cells are not able to absorb sugar (because of low levels of insulin or because of the development of tolerance to it). In such circumstances, when the body is not able to fully eat glucose, it is converted to nutrition by fat stores. In the fission of fats, ketone bodies are formed (among which beta-oximasilic acid, acetate acetic acid and acetone). With a significant increase in the level of ketone bodies in the blood, they begin to stand out with exhaled air. This creates a characteristic smell of acetone.

Ketoacidosis. With an increase in ketone bodies in the body, the acidity of the blood increases. The pH of the blood should be clearly within the range of 7.35 – 7.45. Even minor deviations from these indicators lead to serious consequences up to the diabetic coma.

Increased appetite. As diabetes insufficiency of insulin, or the tolerance of cells to glucose is noted, the organism constantly feels its hunger. The hunger signals are sent to the brain, and the person, because of this, naturally, feels increased appetite. And, despite the fact that the patient eats a lot, carbohydrates from food are assimilated very badly. So far, the problem with insulin deficiency is not resolved, the patient will feel hunger.

Infections. Why does diabetes increase the risk of developing infections? The fact is that the level of sugar in diabetes mellitus increases not only in the blood, but in all the fluids of the body, including sweat. And fungi and bacteria only need this – a humid environment and abundance of glucose. With the normalization of blood sugar, the tendency to infectious diseases of the skin and skin itch disappear.

Bad wound healing. With diabetes, the wound heals poorly due to the toxic effects of elevated glucose levels on the walls of the blood vessels. As skin tissues are exposed to permanent toxic effects, the processes of healing in them occur very slowly.


Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed with the following laboratory tests: determination of fasting glucose concentration; glucose tolerance test; determination of glycosylated hemoglobin; urine analysis for sugar content; urine analysis for acetone content (acetone may be present in urine with other disorders).

The main goal of treating diabetes is to lower blood glucose levels. In case of type 1 diabetes, insulin injections are required. In diabetes mellitus type 2, as a rule, a doctor prescribes depressant drugs and diet therapy, which is calculated taking into account the weight of the patient’s body, sex and physical activity.

Acute complications of diabetes mellitus are diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, hyperosmolar coma, lacto-cytotoxic coma. The late complications of the disease include: retinopathy, diabetic micro- and macroangiopathy, polyneuropathy, nephropathy, arthropathy, diabetic foot, mental impairment.


Prevention of diabetes is to avoid the negative factors contributing to the development of the disease in the present genetic predisposition. This is especially true of obesity. Timely weight correction significantly reduces the likelihood of developing diabetes mellitus.

If you find at least one of the above symptoms, you should immediately contact your doctor and go through all relevant studies. When a patient is diagnosed with diabetes, all doctor’s recommendations regarding the use of medicines and dietary restrictions must be clearly observed.


When the work on writing an essay seems to be completed, there comes the stage of editing and proofreading. Do not neglect this stage. After working hard on writing a paper, your typos and mistakes can spoil the impression of the teacher and he will evaluate the paper lower.

Experienced writers recommend to relax for a couple of days and not think about the paper. Of cause, this advice works if you have enough time. Come back to the paper later and read it once again. What impression do you get? Are you satisfied with the essay? If everything seems fine, you are done. If you find some mistakes, correct them and check the paper again.

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